1. The term "orchestra" derives from the Greek ὀρχήστρα and was used to indicate the place reserved for the choir, the instrumentalists and the dancers during the theatrical performances.

2. Orchestras grew numerically especially in the nineteenth century with Richard Wagner, who added numerous instruments for the representation of the Ring of the Nibelung.

3. There are four types of orchestras: chamber ensembles, chamber orchestra, philharmonic orchestra and symphony orchestra.

4. Musical instruments are divided into groups called "families".

5. The orchestra consists of string, percussion, and wind instruments.

6. The most important figure of the orchestra is the Conductor, who leads the others interpreting the score.

7. The soundtracks are recorded for the most part by the “film orchestra”, a symphony orchestra to which are generally added three winds.

8. The youngest conductor in the world is the Venezuelan Josè Angel Salazar.

9. The youngest Italian conductor is Andrea Battistoni.

10. The place of the orchestra musicians on the stage is established by the Conductor. Although for Opera performances the space for the orchestra is usually located in a lowered area in front of the stage, i.e. the pit.

Original article by Martina Corona

Translated by Dario Medaglia